Pyroelectric Array Camera
Pyrocam™ III & Pyrocam IV Series
|Download Data Sheet.|
|Spiricon has been the world leader in the manufacture of pyroelectric solid-state detector arrays and cameras. For over 25 years the Pyrocam™ has been the overwhelming camera of choice for Laser Beam Diagnostics of IR and UV lasers and high temperature thermal imaging. Precision, stability, reliability, and versatility have become its proud heritage.
The Pyrocam™ III offers a 1/2X1/2 inch detector array with easy Windows ® camera setup, direct Windows quantitative and image display, 14 bit digitizer, versatile Firewire® PC interface, and an integral chopper for CW beams and thermal imaging.
The Pyrocam IV offers a 1 inch by 1 inch detector array with easy Windows® camera setup and quantitative image display through the BeamGage software, 16 bit digitizer, high-speed Gigabit Ethernet PC interface, and an integral chopper for CW beams and thermal imaging.
|See Your Beam As Never Before|
|Both Pyrocam cameras create clear and illuminating images of your laser beam profile. Displayed in 2D or 3D views, you can immediately recognize beam characteristics that affect laser performance and operation. This instantly alerts you to detrimental laser variations. Instantaneous feedback enables timely correction and real-time tuning of laser parameters. For example, when an industrial shop foreman saw the CO2 laser beam profile in Figure 1 he knew immediately why that laser was not processing materials the same as the other shop lasers, that had similar profiles shown in Figure 2.|
|Fig. 1. Industrial CO2 laser performing inconsistent processing.||Fig. 2. Beam profile of industrial CO2 laser making consistently good product.|
|Pulsed and CW Lasers|
|The Pyrocams measure the beam profile of both pulsed and CW lasers. Since the pyroelectric crystal is an integrating sensor, pulses from femtosecond to 12.8ms can be measured. The pyroelectric crystal only measures changes in intensity, and so is relatively immune to ambient temperature changes. Because CW laser beams must be chopped to create a changing signal, the Pyrocam contains an integral chopper, as an option.|
|Measuring Terahertz Beam Profiles|
|Spiricon's Pyrocam pyroelectric cameras are an excellent tool for measuring THz lasers and sources. The coating of the crystal absorbs all wavelengths including 1μm to over 3000μm (0.1THz to 300THz). For THz sources the sensitivity of the Pyrocam is relatively low, at about 3mW/cm² at full output. With a S/N of 1000, beams of 30mW/cm² are easily visible. In addition, with Spiricon's patented Ultracal baseline setting, multiple frames can be summed to "pull" a signal out of the noise. Summing 256 frames enables viewing of beams as low as 1-2mW/cm².|
|Pyrocam III imaging THz laser beam at 0.2THz (1.55mm) 3mW input power; 19 frames summed||Pyrocam IV imaging THZ laser beam 0.5 THz (5mm) 5mW input power; single frame|
|Broad Wavelength Response|
|The Pyrocam detector array has a very broadband coating which enables operation at essentially all IR and UV laser wavelengths. The curve ends at 100nm in the UV, but X-ray operation has been observed. Likewise the curve ends at 100μm in the far IR, but the camera has been used at >3000μm.|
|Fig. 6. Spectral response of PyrocamTM III detector array without window.|
|Thus you can use the Pyrocam in the near IR for Nd:YAG lasers at 1.06μm, and for infrared fiber optics at 1.3μm and 1.55μm. Use the Pyrocam for HF/DF lasers near 4μm and for Optical Parametric Oscillators from 1 μm to 10μm. It measures Free Electron Lasers between 193μm and 3000μm.|
|The Pyrocam is extremely useful in the UV from 355nm to 157nm for Excimer lasers and for tripled or quadrupled Nd:YAG lasers. The detector is stable under UV illumination, without the deterioration experienced by CCD cameras. (The pyroelectric detector operates in the visible spectrum, and can see the alignment HeNe used with CO2 lasers. However, spurious response from the underlying silicon multiplexer creates undesirable performance, and the camera is not recommended for quantitative visible measurements).|
|Windows® PC Interface|
|The Pyrocam™ III Windows application incorporates setup software to control all functions of the camera, such as pulsed versus chopped operation, gain, and background reference subtraction, eliminating all controls from the camera housing.|
|Pyrocam™ III Windows setup menu|
|This interface is not needed when using the Pyrocam IV.|
|BeamGage Image Analysis Software|
|Both Pyrocams come bundled with BeamGage, the state-of-the-art beam profiling system that performs rigorous data acquisition and analysis of laser beam parameters, such as beam size, shape, uniformity, divergence, mode content, and expected power distribution. Once the Pyrocam is connected to the PC and BeamGage is running, the software automatically detects the camera presence and is immediately ready to start taking images and displaying them on the monitor.|
|BeamGage recognizes the Pyrocam IV and allows you to quickly start analyzing your laser beam|
|BeamGage is the industry's first beam profiling software to be newly designed, from scratch, using the most advanced tools and technologies. BeamGage is based on UltraCal™, Spiricon's patented baseline correction algorithm that helped establish the ISO 11146-3 standard for beam measurement accuracy. BeamGage provides high accuracy results, guaranteeing the data baseline (zeropoint reference) is accurate to 1/8th of a digital count on a pixel-by-pixel basis.
BeamGage permits the user to employ custom calculations for best fit to an individual application. These user-defined computations are treated like the standard calculations. They can be displayed on the monitor, logged with results, and included in hard-copy reports. The system also allows the user to configure the displayed calculations, set-up the screen layout, and password-protect the configuration. This permits secure product testing, ensures security in production environments where plant floor personnel interface with the system, and assures the validity of the data for Statistical Process Control (SPC).
|Hybrid Integrated Circuit Sensor|
|The Pyrocam consists of a LiTa03 pyroelectric crystal mounted with indium bumps to a solid-state readout multiplexer. This sensor, developed as the Company's core technology for the Pyrocam I, has proven to be the most rugged, stable, and precise IR detector array available. Light impinging on the pyroelectric crystal is absorbed and converted to heat, which creates charge on the surface. The multiplexer then reads out this charge. For use with short laser pulses, the firmware of the camera creates a very short electronic shutter to accurately capture the thermally generated signal.|
|Pyrocam™ III sensor array and window assembly||Pyrocam IV 25mm X 25mm array|
|The camera features a high resolution A/D converter which digitizes deep into the camera noise. This enables reliable measurement and analysis of both large signals and low level signals in the wings of the laser beam. High resolution digitizing also enables accurate signal summing and averaging to pull weak signals out of noise. This is especially useful with fiber optics at 1.3μm and 1.55μm, and in thermal imaging.|
|Applications Of The Pyrocam™ III|
|The Pyrocam is an ideal camera for use in scientific laboratory investigation of laser beams. This includes physics, chemistry, and electronic system designs. As an example, the photos below show a research CO2 laser and a research Nd:YAG laser, both with cavity misalignment.
The camera is also useful in product engineering of CO2 and other infrared lasers. The Pyrocam is an integral part of the assembly lines of many CO2 laser manufacturers. Integrators of systems are using the Pyrocam sensor to make sure that optical systems are aligned and operating properly.
|CO2 laser with cavity misalignment.||Nd:YAG laser with cavity misalignment.|
|There are many medical applications of the Pyrocam, such as the analysis of excimer lasers used for eye surgery. In many cases these lasers need alignment to ensure that the eye surgery is performed as expected. Other medical IR lasers perform dermatology, for which the uniformity of the beam profile must be assured.
Fiber optic communications, at 1.3μm and 1.55μm make significant use of the Pyrocam for analyzing the beams being emitted, as well as analyzing properties of the beams before launching them into fibers. The greater stability of the Pyrocam make it a good choice over other cameras operating at telecommunication wavelengths.
|CO2 laser with cavity misalignment.||Nd:YAG laser with cavity misalignment.|
|The Pyrocam is becoming an essential tool in the maintenance of industrial infrared lasers, especially CO2. The Pyrocam replaces non-electronic mode burns and acrylic blocks by providing higher definition electronic recording of data, and analysis of short term fluctuations. The Pyrocam is superior to other electronic methods of measuring CO2 lasers because the entire beam can be measured in a single pulse, and additional measurements made in real-time. This ensures that the beam did not change during the measurement.|
|Detector Damage Threshold|
|The Pyrocam sensor is capable of operation with intensities about 100 times greater than CCD cameras. This makes the camera ideal for use with high power lasers, as less attenuation is required. Nevertheless, pulsed lasers with fluence too high can evaporate the absorbing front electrode.|
|Pulsed damage threshold of pyroelectric detector coating.|
|As shown the damage threshold increases with pulse width. With nanosecond and longer pulses, detector saturation occurs before damage. With shorter pulses it helps to increase the camera amplifier gain so that electronic saturation occurs before damage.
The sensor can be damaged by excessive CW power, which causes crystal cracking. Very few Pyrocam detectors have been damaged by CW power, but some have been ablated by high peak pulse energy.
Cameras are part of a Laser Beam Analysis System
the camera and software are sold as a package
|Pyrocam III Beam Profiler Systems|
|PY-III-P-A||Pyroelectric array detector, pulsed only, Grade A, two FireWire ports, and basic viewer software. BeamGage Standard included. To complete this order, you must add an Interchangeable Window part number to accompany this system (see below).||SP90090|
|PY-III-P-B||Pyroelectric array detector, pulsed only, Grade B, two FireWire ports, and basic viewer software. BeamGage Standard included. To complete this order, you must add an Interchangeable Window part number to accompany this system (see below).||SP90091|
|PY-III-C-A||Pyroelectric array detector, chopped and pulsed, Grade A, two FireWire ports, and basic viewer software. BeamGage Standard included. To complete this order, you must add an Interchangeable Window part number to accompany this system (see below).||SP90092|
|PY-III-C-B||Pyroelectric array detector, chopped and pulsed, Grade B, two FireWire ports, and basic viewer software. BeamGage Standard included. To complete this order, you must add an Interchangeable Window part number to accompany this system (see below).||SP90093|
|Interchangeable Windows for Pyrocam III (one included free with the purchase of a Pyrocam III Beam Profiler System)|
|PY-III-W-BK7-1.064||Pyrocam III Window BK7 A/R coated to 1064nm||SP90101|
|PY-III-W-Si-1.05-2.5||Pyrocam III Window Silicon A/R coated to 1.05 - 2.5μm||SP90102|
|PY-III-W-Si-2.5-4||Pyrocam III Window Silicon A/R coated to 2.5 - 4μm||SP90103|
|PY-III-W-Ge-3-5.5||Pyrocam III Window Germanium A/R coated to 3 - 5.5μm||SP90104|
|PY-III-W-Ge-10.6||Pyrocam III Window Germanium A/R coated to 10.6μm||SP90105|
|PY-III-W-Ge-8-12||Pyrocam III Window Germanium A/R coated to 8 - 12μm||SP90106|
|PY-III-W-ZnSe-10.6||Pyrocam III Window Zinc Selenide A/R coated to 10.6μm||SP90107|
|PY-III-W-ZnSe-2-5||Pyrocam III Window Zinc Selenide A/R coated to 2 - 5μm||SP90108|
|PY-III-W-Poly-THz||Pyrocam III Window Polyethylene uncoated for Tera-Hz wavelengths||SP90208|
|Pyrocam IV Beam Profiler Systems|
|PY-IV-C-A||Pyroelectric array detector, choppend and pulsed, Grade A, one Gigabit Ethernet port and BeamGage Standard included. To complete this order, you must add an Interchangeable Window part number to accompany this system (see below).||SP90296|
|Interchangeable Windows for Pyrocam IV (one included free with the purchase of a Pyrocam III Beam Profiler System)|
|PY_IV-W-BK7-1.064||Pyrocam IV window assembly, BK7, A/R coated for 1.064μm||SP90301|
|PY-IV-W-SI-1.05-2.5||Pyrocam IV window assembly, Si, A/R coated for 1.05 to 2.5μm||SP90302|
|PY-IV-W-SI-2.5-4||Pyrocam IV window assembly, Si, A/R coated for 2.5 to 4μm||SP90303|
|PY-IV-W-GE-3-5.5||Pyrocam IV window assembly, Ge, A/R coated for 3 to 5.5μm||SP90304|
|PY-IV-W-GE-10.6||Pyrocam IV window assembly, Ge, A/R coated for 10.6μm||SP90305|
|PY-IV-W-GE-8-12||Pyrocam IV window assembly, Ge, A/R coated for 8 to 12μm||SP90306|
|PY-IV-W-ZNSE-10.6||Pyrocam IV window assembly, ZnSe, A/R coated for 10.6μm||SP90307|
|PY-IV-W-ZNSE-2-5||Pyrocam IV window assembly, ZnSe, A/R coated for 2 to 5μm||SP90308|
|PY-IV-W-POLY-THZ||Pyrocam IV window assembly, LDPE, uncoated for Terahertz wavelengths||SP90309|