Beam Tap I & II YAG

Beam Tap I & II
  • Dual surface reflector for equalizing S & P polarization
  • The two planes of reflection are orthogonal
Ordering Info
Download Data Sheet.
Beam Tap I (Solidworks)
Beam Tap II (Solidworks)
Single Surface Polarization Problems
A single surface reflection at 45° is often used to sample a laser beam for profile measurements or for monitoring power or energy. However, as shown in Figure 2, at 45° a single surface reflects the S polarization component at more than 10 times the reflection of the P component. Depending on the laser polarization content, or stability, this sampling can provide very misleading and unreliable measurements. (However, the BT-I-YAG has both surfaces A/R coated for 1064nm so the reflection for both polarizations is equal at 0.5%. At other wavelengths far from 1064nm the above discussion applies.)
Figure 2. Individual S & P polarization reflection vs. angle of incidence.
Equalizing S & P Reflected Polarization
As shown in Figure 3, any arbitrary polarization component can be broken into equivalent S & P components. With complimentary sampling surfaces any given component gets reflected once as the S polarization, and the second time as the P polarization. Thus using 2 surfaces, the total reflected energy for all polarization components is the sum of the S reflectance and the P reflectance. This causes the sampled beam to have S & P components that are identical to the original beam.
Figure 3. S & P polarization components of any arbitrary polarization.
The Beam Tap II uses two reflecting surfaces such that the two planes of reflection are orthogonal. (Refer to Figure 1 on the cover.) With attenuation of 5.5X10-4 from the Beam Tap II, lasers with CW power of up to 104 Watts/cm², or pulsed lasers of up to 5X105 joules/cm², can be monitored without damage to the ND filters placed after the Beam Tap optics.
An additional advantage of the two surface beam sampler is that additional attenuation is obtained, which reduces the load on ND filters following the sampling. (The BT-I, with a single reflecting surface, can be used when the beam polarization effects are not important in a specific application.)
Beam Tap I & II Components
The BT-II Beam Tap is composed of two identical BT-I Beam Taps with coupling tubes to join the two together. Each Beam Tap I or II comes with a complete set of adapters to connect the Beam Tap to a variety of other measurement components, as shown in Figure 4.
Figure 4. Accessory connectors to adapt a Beam Tap to a number of other optical instruments. (Connectors have c-mount, 1"-32, thread for connection to standard cameras and other optical components.)
Typical Assembly
Figure 5 shows a typical application. A Beam Tap I or II is connected to the model BA Laser Beam Attenuator, which is in turn connected to a CCD camera, all in one fully enclosed assembly.
Figure 5. Typical application of a Beam Tap II with a BA attenuator and a CCD camera.
TBeam Path Through Beam Tap
Figure 6 shows the 6mm offset of the through beam that is created by the reflecting optic. The deflection angle of the output beam is less than 0.007 degrees. The rear surface of the flat is AR coated to maximize the throughput of the main beam. The standard Beam Tap rear surface is AR coated for 400nm-700nm. The YAG version is AR coated for 1064nm on both surfaces.
Figure 6. Optical path through a Beam Tap.
Beam Tap Reflection VS Wavelength
Figure 7 shows the Beam Tap II final sampled reflection vs. wavelength. As shown both the S & P reflection are nearly constant at 0.05% from the UV to the infrared.
Figure 7. Beam Tap II reflection as a function of wavelength.
Through Beam Transmission of Beam Tap
Figure 8 shows the transmission of fused silica and BK-7 glass versus wavelength with the incident beam normal to the surface. Fused silica is used for Beam Tap I and BK-7 is used for Beam Tap I-YAG. The attenuation over most of the range is for the reflection of one surface since the rear surface is AR coated. The incident power capability at the two absorbing wavelengths in fused silica (1.4µm and 2.2µm) would be lower than at other wavelengths.
Figure 8. Transmission of Fused Silica and BK-7 glass versus wavelength.
Performance Characteristics
  • Optical Material, Beam Tap I: Fused Silica
    Beam Tap I-YAG: BK-7 glass
  • Wavelength Range, Beam Tap I: 250nm-2000nm
    Beam Tap I-YAG: 400nm-2600nm
    Rear Surface AR Coating:
    Beam Tap I: 400nm-700nm
    Beam Tap I-YAG: A/R coated for 1064nm
  • Typical Beam Reflection:
    Beam Tap I: 0.67% P Polarization (0.0067)
    8.19% S Polarization (0.0819)
    Beam Tap II: 0.055% Total (0.00055)
    Beam Tap I-YAG: 0.5% (only @ 1064nm)
    Beam Tap II-YAG: 2.5x10-5 (only @ 1064nm)
  • Reflection Angle:
    90ー from incident beam
  • Typical Through Beam Transmission:
    99% P Polarization
    91% S Polarization
    BT-I-YAG: 99.5% P and S
  • Transmitted Beam Path: 6mm typical offset from input beam
    <24 arcsec deflection (0.007 degrees)
  • Clear Aperture: 20mm (Maximum input beam width: 8mm)
  • Damage Threshold:
    1MW/cm² CW, or 1MJ/cm² pulsed
  • Operating Beam Power: 1000 watts,*
    λ = 400nm to 700nm for BT-I
    λ = 1064nm for BT-I-YAG
  • Operating Beam Power: 250 W,
    λ outside above limit
  • Surface Quality:
    Scratch/Dig: 20/10
    Flatness: λ /10 @ 632.8 nm
    Parallelism: <30 arcsec
  • Optical Path Length: BT-I = 2.02", BT-II = 4.04"
  • Mounting: 1/4"-20, 2 surfaces
  • Weight: Beam Tap II 40oz.
  • *An external beam dump should be used with a Beam Tap II whenever 8% of the input power (transmitted through the second Beam Tap I) exceeds a safe level for the environment.

  Model Surface Wavelength range Optical Material Reflection P/N  
  BT-I-YAG Single surface, 1 cube 1064nm BK7 0.5% Ravg SP90173  
  BT-II-YAG Dual surface, 2 cubes 1064nm BK7 0.0025% Ravg SP90172
  Beam Profilers Beam Profilers Catalog
129 pages (6.46 MB )
  Beam Profilers< Beam Tap I & II user notes
4 pages (587 KB )